SIZING THE GREENHOUSE
While trying to achieve maximum efficiency in production, some criteria should be taken into account during the project design phase while determining the greenhouse sizes in order to ensure plant welfare and save the producer at the same time;
Plant row spacing and plant row height should be considered.
In order to get the maximum yield from the plant, we need to take care of the plant welfare. For plant welfare, the plant can get enough macro and micro nutrients from the soil, so that the vegetative and generative organs of the plant can grow adequately, and in the opposite case, row spacing and row length should be well calculated so that there is no loss of yield. are also important factors affecting greenhouse width.
The greenhouse roof shape must be taken into account.
Greenhouse models, in other words, roof shapes affect the climatic factors such as humidity and temperature that the plant needs, while also affecting the resistance of the greenhouse to current climatic conditions and the width of the greenhouse.
The type and amount of plants to be grown should be considered.
The optimum growing area required per plant of the product to be grown should be well known, and greenhouse size planning should be done by calculating this area together with the amount of plants to be grown.
The worker capacity to work in the greenhouse should be calculated.
The welfare of the worker who will work in the greenhouse should be considered as well as the plant to be grown in the greenhouse, accordingly, the width of the greenhouse should be calculated where there will be sufficient healthy air and the workers can work with maximum efficiency.
The size of the area where the greenhouse will be established should be taken into account.
The width of the greenhouses, individually or collectively, should be well calculated, taking into account the conditions such as the construction of any additional buildings or facilities in the area where the greenhouse will be established, or whether a change will be made in the greenhouse or greenhouses.
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The heat must be homogeneous in the greenhouse.
The desired temperature in the greenhouse is not collected in one part of the greenhouse, but homogeneously distributed in the greenhouse. Accordingly, the greenhouses should not be long enough to disrupt the heat balance.
The greenhouse should also be easy to work with.
The length of the greenhouse is as important as the width of the greenhouse. The length of the greenhouse should not shorten the working area and cause work difficulties for machines or workers.
The type, size and amount of the plant to be grown should be determined.
The type, height and amount of the plant to be grown should be taken into account, because the height of the greenhouse should be well calculated in order for the plant to grow comfortably in the greenhouse, to provide the desired temperature for the plant in the greenhouse with the least cost, and to have the necessary ambient air for the plant.
Current climatic conditions should be taken into account.
Heating and cooling of greenhouses is done with extra energy and cost, and the temperature inside the greenhouse is also related to altitude. For this reason, the current climatic conditions of the region where the greenhouse will be installed should be taken into account when calculating the greenhouse height.
It should be taken into account whether there will be machine use in the greenhouse.
Greenhouse heights should be calculated considering the working heights of these machines and their entrance and exit to the greenhouse, if there are machines to be used while deciding whether to use machinery from the cultivation of the plant to be produced to the harvest.
As it can be understood, the criteria to be considered in the sizing of greenhouses are important for plant and employee welfare, and while increasing the efficiency obtained from the production, it can significantly reduce the unnecessary cost burden for the producer.